By Chef MurphK.T.
Obesity is one of the most prevalent conditions in many countries. As a chef and a person that has problem managing weight. My schedules and dealing with food including medical conditions and sleep habits. I play the line consistently just trying to help.
According to the Harvard School of Public Health, in the United States, only tobacco causes more deaths in adults each year, and the condition is starting to affect more and more children. About one in three adults in the United States and about 1 in 6 children have obesity.
A person has obesity when his or her weight is at least 20% above their normal weight for their height. Its consequences span from health issues like heart disease to infertility to social and emotional effects from discrimination, lower quality of life and a higher risk of depression.
Obesity affects the body in many ways, but the three most common effects of obesity are heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and bone and joint disease.
One of the most serious effects of obesity is the negative impact it has on the heart and circulatory system.
For example, people with obesity are 10 times more likely to suffer from atherosclerosis compared to people with healthy weights, according to data from Stanford Health Care. Atherosclerosis is the thickening of the arteries when fat and other waste, called plaque, builds up in the arterial walls.
When plaque blocks blood flow to the heart depriving it of oxygen, it’s called coronary artery disease. It may also cause angina – chest pain – and blood clots that may lead to a stroke.
Type 2 diabetes
Another common but serious effect of obesity in the body is type 2 diabetes.
Although not all people with obesity develop type 2 diabetes, it is a risk factor for developing the condition. About 90% of people with diabetes are overweight or obese, according to the Obesity Society.
In people with obesity, the excess weight can cause insulin resistance in the body and puts added pressure on it to use insulin efficiently. Insulin is the hormone responsible for the regulation of blood sugar levels. So naturally, if the body stops responding to insulin normally, blood sugar levels rise. This is called hyperglycemia.
An important factor in the developing of diabetes is the location of body fat. With extra body fat comes a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes, as well as heart disease.
Bone and joint disease
Another serious consequence of obesity is damage to the bones and joints.
For example, people with obesity are at an increased risk of developing osteoarthritis, according to WebMD. When the cartilage in the joint deteriorates due to repetitive use, aging, or the added pressure of obesity, the cartilage becomes damaged. This causes joint swelling and limited mobility.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is caused by aging joints, injury, and obesity. In fact, obesity is the second cause of osteoarthritis after aging. Osteoarthritis symptoms i
nclude joint pain and stiffness. Treatment depends on the affected joint, including the hand, wrist, neck, back, knee, and hip, and involves medication and exercise. If you are overweight, weight loss may improve OA symptoms.
When a person is overweight, the extra weight adds pressure to the bones and joints. For example, the Arthritis Foundation reports that for every pound of excess weight, the knee gets 4 pounds of extra pressure.
In all of these cases, the conditions may be reduced or even cured by lifestyle changes such as more physical activity, weight loss, and a healthy diet.